Gadhimai and heroic efforts to stop it

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By Dr. Nanditha Krishna


The Gadhimai animal sacrifice is a deeply disturbing event, and this account contains disturbing descriptions of suffering animals and horrible surroundings.  The courageous actions and presence of the many people who went there to protest the sacrifice, as well as the efforts of the Supreme Court of India and Indian government agencies, were not able to stop the sacrifice, but have resulted in saving the lives of thousands of animals, and in laying the groundwork for hopefully preventing the next Gadhimai event from taking place. — The Editor


It is a hot dusty road to the temple of goddess Gadhimai in Bara district of Nepal. We slowly leave behind the few semblances of civilization as we crawl along a dirt track to an area of soul-wrenching poverty. Muzaffarpur in Bihar is the last civilized outpost as we drive from Patna to Roxhaul in India, across the border to Birgunj in Nepal and later to Gadhimai. Bihari villagers are dragging little male buffalo calves – the unwanted waste of the dairy industry – and goats, or carrying lambs in their arms, all to be sacrificed to Gadhimai. I spend a night at the RS Hotel in Roxhaul, where Dawn William and volunteers of the Blue Cross of India have been camping every night, while they fan out 100 kms east and west of Roxhaul from 4 am every day to stop the smuggling of animals across the border.


Next day I shift to Hotel Makalu at Birgang, where an ad film glorifying Gadhimai and the slaughter is broadcast round-the-clock. It shows people saying how happy they are to perform the sacrifice. Apparently the goddess appeared in the dream of the (present) priest’s ancestor and freed him from his captivity in jail. In return, she asked for a “nar-bali” or sacrifice of 5 men. He sacrificed 5 animals instead: rat, pigeon, chicken, goat and buffalo, and she was appeased. Now he kills one of each and cuts his finger slightly, to give human blood, and leaves the rest to his minions because “his arm aches after all the cutting”!


As we approach Gadhimai, the atmosphere changes. There is a mela going on, a one month celebration before the ritual slaughter. Along with the giant wheel and motor car stunts, we go back 500 years: a child with a monster’s head and deformed body exhibited for viewing and collecting money; snake charmers; scorpions for sale (as an aphrodisiac). The path is strewn with writhing lepers. I have not seen such sights since I was a child. There are huge baskets stuffed with pigeons for sale. Little male calves and goats, barely able to walk, are dragged to their death. One little calf, who has not yet been weaned, suckles the tassels of my companion’s shawl till he is roughly pulled away. The place is filthy: there are no toilets and the air stinks of faeces. In between, there are shops selling cheap Chinese goods – artificial jewellery, beads and plastic toys. A fat woman is selling reluctant goats and sheep, pulling them away from their bleating lambs. One has to be a monster to remain unaffected.


There is a large arena, like a stadium, where the buffalo calves are thrown in to await their death. There is a stack of hay and some water, but these animals are still suckling babes. They cannot eat the hay. But somebody’s conscience is assuaged: the animals are fed!


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The temple is crowded, but I sit beside the priest whom I met in Jaipur when I tried – in vain – to convince him to stop the sacrifice. “Look at the crowds”, he says “will they let me stop?” He is right. They are all excited and revved up at the thought of the slaughter to come. It is a malaise that runs deep. The crowd is already about 200,000 strong, and the highlight – the slaughter – has not yet begun. The visitors are Nepalese and Biharis – no difference between the two who speak Bhojpuri and share the sacrifice.


The Gadhimai sacrifice is big business. The contractor has paid Rs. 1.6 crores to the committee, of which the priest receives Rs. 16 lakhs. The rest is divided between the trustees, except the secretary who is the cousin of the contractor and gets a large share. In return the contractor gets everything: the hundi offerings (of money, gold, etc.), buffalo skins, flesh (to be sold as meat), etc. To slaughter one buffalo costs Rs. 1600, which is paid to the contractor. There are cold storage trucks waiting to transport the flesh to China for food. The skins come to China and India for footwear and handbags. There are no takers for the goat flesh, which the villagers take home to cook and eat.


Some of the visitors look into the arena. “Too few animals,” says one. “Is saal achchaa nahin hai”! Unfortunately, Nepalese Hinduism is full of animal sacrifice and the people are desensitized. After a fruitless discussion with the priest, I prepare to leave. The only hope is that he agrees to work with us after the sacrifice to see what can be done 5 years hence. He is angry with Bharat sarkar for stopping the entry of animals into Nepal (as per the ruling of the Supreme Court of India). But he knows the world is angry. This is not Hinduism, which taught the world ahimsa paramo dharmah.


On Thursday is the “kshama pooja”, when they ask for forgiveness from the animals slaughtered and to be slaughtered. So they know it is wrong. About 4,ooo buffaloes and buffalo calves and innumerable goats and pigeons were slaughtered on Friday. Today’s count is about 3,500. The temple committee had assured at least 10,000 buffaloes to the contractor, to whom they have had to apologize for the low count. The Dalit committee, which had earlier boycotted the consumption of meat, have not allowed the contractors to remove the carcasses, so they are rotting in the arena. The committee has lost face. While the activists assembled at Gadhimai could not stop the slaughter, they have been able to reduce the numbers, thanks to a pro-active Indian Supreme Court and Home Ministry. And the lower number of animals will result in a financial loss for the contractor. So there is hope for the future.


Photos: Courtesy of Blue Cross of India


To visit the website of Humane Society International – India, click here.


To visit the website of Blue Cross of India, click here.


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