Bringing back a cruel sport?

These are not jallikattu bulls, but bulls rescued by Blue Cross of India.


By Sharon St Joan


A December 31, 2015 editorial in the newspaper The Hindu, “A Stand Against Reason,” describes the possibility that the cruel sport of “jallikattu,” bull-racing, will be re-introduced in Tamil Nadu, although it was banned last year by the Supreme Court. Here is the gist of the main points in The Hindu editorial:


In human sports, the contenders have a choice as to whether or not to participate in a sport where they may incur a risk of injury. Of course, animals have no such choice.


This is especially true of jallikattu, in which frightened bulls in pain are forced to run a gauntlet of young men trying to leap onto them, hanging onto their horns. The essential cruelty of this “sport” lies in the fact that bulls, unlike horses, do not naturally run. They are tortured behind the scenes, and the significant pain inflicted on them forces them to run through the crowds.


Therefore, it is impossible to hold jallikattu events without inflicting pain and cruelty on the bulls. There is no such thing as “humane jallikattu.


Last year, the Supreme Court of India, ruled that jallikattu is illegal because it is a violation of long-standing Indian law against animal cruelty. Proponents of  jallikattu had argued that these cruel events should be allowed because they are a tradition. However, in a country like India, where traditions go back thousands of years, jallikattu is actually quite recent. It goes back only one or two hundred years. Many of the spectators are foreign tourists, and most Indians do not follow a sport that is unkind to bulls. It was judged to be illegal, by the Supreme Court, because it is abusive towards the animals.


Since then, the Tamil Nadu government has requested that legislation be passed to re-instate the practice of jallikattu. It is surprising that the Minister of the Environment, Prakash Javadekar, has indicated that he is in favor of this request.


Not only is jallikattu extremely inhumane to the bulls, it also resulted in many injuries and deaths every year to the young men who chased the bulls. It would have been preferable if the Tamil Nadu government had taken to heart the intent of the Supreme Court, which was to prevent human injury and loss of life, as well as preventing animal suffering.


It goes against good sense and reason to seek to re-instate a sport that the Supreme Court of India banned, following very thorough, extensive testimony, because of its excessive violence and the suffering inflicted on both humans and bulls.


To read the original December 31, 2015 editorial in The Hindu, click here.


If you wish, you may submit a comment at the end of the article.


Photo: Sharon St Joan, 2012. These are not jallikattu bulls; they are bulls rescued from illegal transport by Blue Cross of India. 



INDIA: 34 bulls rescued!

One of the rescued bulls

By Sharon St Joan


34 bulls are doing a lot better now that they’ve been released from a horrible transport truck and are safely in the care of Blue Cross.  These magnificent animals wander peacefully in the sunlight of a courtyard, with tall trees all around.  They’ve been eating hay and lots of nutritious food, and are recovering from their ordeal of three days without food or water, crammed into a tiny truck.  One is still resting with an injured hip, but he is improving. Another bull is feeling lively enough to defend his turf, nudging others away from the food trough.

In the middle of the night, on February 1, Dawn Williams, Blue Cross Resident Shelter Manager, received a call from an alert traveler who had spotted a transport truck, crammed with bulls, on the highway.  Transport of cattle is not illegal, but overcrowding is, and Mr. Prasad made a quick call to Blue Cross that saved the 34 bulls.

Dawn Williams, who has rescued thousands of animals, accompanied by IIT graduate student Raghav Venkatesan, rushed to the town of Tambaram, south of Chennai, where he managed, still in the middle of the night, to lodge a complaint with the police, and get the truck intercepted on the road, after a police chase.

Bulls now safely at Blue Cross

With the truck pulled over, he climbed up onto the top to take photos, recording the dreadful conditions in which the bulls were being transported, with 34 bulls in a space big enough to carry legally only six.  Large numbers painted on the foreheads of the bulls indicated where they had originated.  Number 14 meant they had come from Orissa, and had already been traveling for three days.  As well as having no food or water, they had no protection from the sun, and they were all in a very bad condition.

The truck driver, Balasubramaniam, was arrested, and the bulls were saved from another 36 hours of suffering, since they had been on their way to Kerala.

One of the policemen on duty at Tambaram Police Station had been among the 300 or so law-officers who had attended a three-hour sensitivity training workshop, given by the educators of Blue Cross and the Animal Welfare Board of India at the Chennai Police Headquarters, as arranged by Mr. J. K. Tripathy, Commissioner of Police.

The police officer filed a complaint (a First Information Report or FIR) charging violations of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, the Transportation Rules and the Indian Penal Code. The driver is still in jail.

Most importantly, the police have seized the truck and are tracking down the person who hired the truck, as well as the destination, which was apparently a butcher in Kerala.  Slaughter of cattle is legal in the state of Kerala; though it is banned in nearly all other states in India.  However, illegal transportation of cattle that are destined for slaughter once they reach Kerala is a major, ongoing issue. Overcrowding and extremely abusive conditions are common.  Halting this shipment of cattle will reinforce the message that illegal transport of cattle is both illegal and inhumane.

This truck was just one of over a thousand which cross the Tamil Nadu/Kerala border every single week – each carrying up to 40 head of cattle. Kerala is one of only two states, along with West Bengal, where cow slaughter is permitted.

If you are in India and would like to help put an end to this trade in bulls, please do the following:

1. Report to the police, in writing, every case of such illegal transport you see. If an FIR (First Information Report) is not filed by the police in response, write to your Director General of Police.

2. Write to the papers reporting each case you see.

3. Support your local animal welfare group – think All-India; act locally. If there is no group, form one with others who care.

Ensure that you note down the registration number of the vehicle. Since most people today have camera phones, take photos.

A picture is worth well over a thousand words.

Today bulls are no longer valued in India, as they were in the past.  With the advent of artificial fertilizer, which is neither natural nor healthy, there is no longer any need for manure to be used as a fertilizer.  In Indian villages, there was traditionally a cow-herding community, who made their income by grazing cattle.

When someone had a plot of land on which they grew crops, they would pay the people who owned cows and bulls to come graze the cattle on the land, leaving manure behind and fertilizing the land as they grazed. Without this useful function, bulls and male calves no longer seem as useful or as valued as before.

Written with information contributed by S. Chinny Krishna and Dawn Williams.

Photos: Sharon St. Joan / The rescued bulls at Blue Cross of India